Importing into UK using the GVMS from January 2022

From 1 January 2022, hauliers must be registered for the Goods Vehicle Movement Service (GVMS) to move any import or export goods between GB and the EU.

GVMS is there to simplify trade

The GVMS will enable hauliers, port operators and carriers to use a single GVMS reference for a vehicle or trailer to process it on arrival and departure at the port location that has chosen to implement the pre-Lodgement model, so that on arrival in UK or EU the majority of goods will flow without further intervention.

What is the GVMS'

The Goods Vehicle Movement Service (GVMS) is a UK Government IT platform for moving goods for coordinating the movement of vehicles. It is part of the government's measures for dealing with post-Brexit trade and is available at certain ports for faster clearance of goods with pre-lodged declarations. GVMS is connected to CHIEF and provides electronic notification of shipment status for both imports and exports and to facilitate Transit movements.


What if you choose to not use the GMVS'

The Goods Vehicle Movement Service (GVMS) use will not be mandatory and the choice between using a Temporary Storage and a pre-lodgement model will be a commercial decision for border location operators. Hauliers, carriers and traders using a particular border location will need to familiarise themselves with the different steps that they will need to take to move their goods through it depending on the model that applies. The UK Government will provide a list of sites which will use the pre-lodgement model once this border locations have made their commercial decision.

Read our article on New UK border import controls Jan 1st 2022 to understand the different models


If you use GVMS

  • Each consignment needs a unique reference number that proves that a declaration has either been pre-lodged or is not needed. This can be a:
    • Transit Accompanying Document MRN (for goods moving via Transit)
    • ERN (for goods declared into CHIEF for import)
    • DUCR (for goods declared into CHIEF for export)
    • EORI (for goods where the trader is authorised to make declarations in their own records)

Hauliers moving goods through a port in GB that uses the goods vehicle movement service will need to register for the service to get goods through customs.  

The haulier or carrier is then responsible for creating a Goods Movement Record (GMR). The GMR specifies the truck/trailer license plate and links all these customs and transit declaration references and any Safety & Security declaration references, into one Goods Movement Reference (GMR) for each vehicle/trailer crossing the border. Each GMR contains details for a single crossing by one vehicle and can be used only once. The GMR can be generated by either the haulier manager, or the trader’s customs agent or freight forwarder.
The benefit is the haulier only needs to present the GMR to the carrier (ferry, shuttle train) at the frontier to prove that all of their goods have pre-lodged declarations. Without a GMR, vehicles will not be allowed to check-in for their crossing.

The GMR specifies:

  • the direction of the crossing
  • the registration number of the vehicle making the crossing (unless the movement will be unaccompanied)
  • the trailer numbers of all trailers attached to the vehicle
  • details of the planned crossing, if available, including the departure and arrival port, carrier, and departure time
  • whether the vehicle arriving at check-in will accompany the movement on the crossing
  • MRNs for all goods within the vehicle and its trailers that require them
  • safety and security declaration references for all goods within the vehicle and its trailers that require them
  • transit declaration references for all goods within the vehicle and its trailers that require them
  • EIDR, ATA, and TIR declaration references

Depending on whether a movement is import, export, or transit, there are different requirements to get a GMR.

Get in touch if you have any concerns or need help with your UK imports or exports.

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